Igor Stravinsky

Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky; }} ( – 6 April 1971) was a Russian composer and conductor with French citizenship (from 1934) and American citizenship (from 1945). He is widely considered one of the most important and influential composers of the 20th century and a pivotal figure in modernist music.

Born to a famous bass in Saint Petersburg, Russia, Stravinsky grew up taking piano and music theory lessons. While studying law at the University of Saint Petersburg, he met Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov and studied music under him until the latter's death in 1908. Stravinsky met the impresario Sergei Diaghilev soon after, who commissioned the composer to write three ballets for the Ballets Russes's Paris seasons: ''The Firebird'' (1910), ''Petrushka'' (1911), and ''The Rite of Spring'' (1913), the last of which caused a near-riot at the premiere due to its avant-garde nature and later changed the way composers understood rhythmic structure.

Stravinsky's compositional career is often divided into three main periods: his Russian period (1913–1920), his neoclassical period (1920–1951), and his serial period (1954–1968). During his Russian period, Stravinsky was heavily influenced by Russian styles and folklore. Works such as ''Renard'' (1916) and (1923) drew upon Russian folk poetry, while compositions like (1918) integrated these folk elements with popular musical forms, including the tango, waltz, ragtime, and chorale. His neoclassical period exhibited themes and techniques from the classical period, like the use of the sonata form in his Octet (1923) and use of Greek mythological themes in works including (1927), ''Oedipus rex'' (1927), and ''Persephone'' (1935). In his serial period, Stravinsky turned towards compositional techniques from the Second Viennese School like Arnold Schoenberg's twelve-tone technique. ''In Memoriam Dylan Thomas'' (1954) was the first of his compositions to be fully based on the technique, and (1956) was his first to be based on a tone row. Stravinsky's last major work was the ''Requiem Canticles'' (1966), which was performed at his funeral.

While many supporters were confused by Stravinsky's constant stylistic changes, later writers recognized his versatile language as important in the development of modernist music. Stravinsky's revolutionary ideas influenced composers as diverse as Aaron Copland, Philip Glass, Béla Bartók, and Pierre Boulez, who were all challenged to innovate music in areas beyond tonality, especially rhythm and form. In 1998, ''Time'' magazine listed Stravinsky as one of the 100 most influential people of the century. Stravinsky died of pulmonary edema on 6 April 1971 in New York City, having left six memoirs written with his friend and assistant Robert Craft, as well as an earlier autobiography and a series of lectures. Provided by Wikipedia
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by Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971, Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971
[Gütersloh, Germany] : Sony Classical, 2016
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2
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3
by Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971, Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971
[Hayes, Middlesex, England] : EMI Classics, 2008
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4
by Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971, Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971
[New York] : Universal Classics, 1991
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5
by Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971, Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971
[Paris] : London ; New York : Édition Russe de Musique (S. et N. Koussewitzky) ; Boosey & Hawkes, 1947
Revised 1947.

Musical Score Book
6
by Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971, Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971
Mainz, Germany : Wergo, 2018
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7
by Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971, Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971
Hamburg, Germany : Deutsche Grammophon, 1993
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8
by Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971, Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971
[New York] : Sony Classical, 2016
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9
by Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971, Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971
Basel : London : Paul Sacher Foundation ; Boosey and Hawkes, 2013

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10
by Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971, Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971
[London] : ICSM Records, 2016
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by Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971, Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971
København : [Milwaukee, Wis.] : Wilhelm Hansen ; Exclusively distributed by Hal Leonard, 2000
Score.

Book
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by Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971, Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971
London : St Ouen l'Aumone : EMI records Ltd ; Distrib. EMI music France, 1989

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15
by Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971, Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971
Basel : London : Paul Sacher Foundation ; Boosey & Hawkes, 2013
Centennial edition, in three volumes.

Musical Score Book
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by Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971, Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971
[Paris] : Bel Air Classiques, 2009
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Unknown
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by Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971, Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971
London, England : Hyperion, 2018
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18
by Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971, Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971
Melville, N.Y. : Belwin Mills Publishing Corp., 1970
Reduction for piano 4 hands /

Musical Score Book
19
by Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971, Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971
Hamburg : Deutsche Grammophon, 2000
Other Authors: ...Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971...

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by Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971, Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971
London ; New York : Boosey & Hawkes, 1995

Musical Score Book