John Hay

Hay in 1897 John Milton Hay (October 8, 1838July 1, 1905) was an American statesman and official whose career in government stretched over almost half a century. Beginning as a private secretary and an assistant for Abraham Lincoln, he became a diplomat. He served as United States Secretary of State under Presidents William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt. Hay was also a biographer of Lincoln, and wrote poetry and other literature throughout his life.

Born in Indiana to an anti-slavery family that moved to Warsaw, Illinois, Hay showed great potential from an early age, and his family sent him to Brown University. After graduation in 1858, Hay read law in his uncle's office in Springfield, Illinois, adjacent to that of Lincoln. Hay worked for Lincoln's successful presidential campaign and became one of his private secretaries in the White House. Throughout the American Civil War, Hay was close to Lincoln and stood by his deathbed after the President was shot. In addition to his other literary works, Hay co-authored, with John George Nicolay, a ten-volume biography of Lincoln that helped shape the assassinated president's historical image.

After Lincoln's death, Hay spent several years at diplomatic posts in Europe, then worked for the ''New-York Tribune'' under Horace Greeley and Whitelaw Reid. Hay remained active in politics, and from 1879 to 1881 served as Assistant Secretary of State. Afterward, he returned to the private sector, remaining there until President McKinley, of whom he had been a major backer, made him the Ambassador to the United Kingdom in 1897. Hay became the Secretary of State the following year.

Hay served for nearly seven years as Secretary of State under President McKinley and, after McKinley's assassination, under Theodore Roosevelt. Hay was responsible for negotiating the Open Door Policy, which kept China open to trade with all countries on an equal basis, with international powers. By negotiating the Hay–Pauncefote Treaty with the United Kingdom, the (ultimately unratified) Hay–Herrán Treaty with Colombia, and finally the Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty with the newly independent Republic of Panama, Hay also cleared the way for the building of the Panama Canal. Provided by Wikipedia
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by Hay, John, 1838-1905
New York, Harper & brothers, 1884

Book
22
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Salt Lake City : Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation, 2005

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23
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Salt Lake City : Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation, 2005

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Electronic Book
24
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Salt Lake City : Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation, 2004

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Electronic Book
25
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Portland, Maine : Printed for Thomas B. Mosher and published by him at XLV Exchange Street Portland Maine, 1898

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26

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Manuscript
27
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
New York : privately printed., 1904

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28
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Washington : Govt. print. off., 1903

Book
29
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Boston, Houghton, Mifflin, 1883
16th ed.

Book
30
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Boston : Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1893

Book
31
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Ridgewood, N. J., Gregg Press 1967

Book
32
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
New York : Century Co., 1883

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33

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Manuscript
34
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Berkeley Heights, New Jersey : Published & printed by the Oriole Press, 1961

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35

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Manuscript
36
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Bethesda, MD : Academica Press, 2006

Book
37
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Boston : James R. Osgood and Co., late Ticknor & Fields, and Fields, Osgood, & Co., 1871
[First edition].

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38
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Boston and New York : Houghton, Mifflin and company, 1897

Book
39
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Boston : James R. Osgood and Company ..., 1871

Book
40
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Boston ; New York : Cambridge : Houghton Mifflin; Riverside Press, 1907

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