John Jay

John Jay (December 12, 1745 – May 17, 1829) was an American statesman, patriot, diplomat, abolitionist, signatory of the Treaty of Paris, and a Founding Father of the United States. He served as the second governor of New York and the first chief justice of the United States. He directed U.S. foreign policy for much of the 1780s and was an important leader of the Federalist Party after the ratification of the United States Constitution in 1788.

Jay was born into a wealthy family of merchants and New York City government officials of French Huguenot and Dutch descent. He became a lawyer and joined the New York Committee of Correspondence, organizing American opposition to British policies such as the Intolerable Acts in the leadup to the American Revolution. Jay was elected to the First Continental Congress, where he signed the Continental Association, and to the Second Continental Congress, where he served as its president. From 1779 to 1782, Jay served as the ambassador to Spain; he persuaded Spain to provide financial aid to the fledgling United States. He also served as a negotiator of the Treaty of Paris, in which Britain recognized American independence. Following the end of the war, Jay served as Secretary of Foreign Affairs, directing United States foreign policy under the Articles of Confederation government. He also served as the first Secretary of State on an interim basis.

A proponent of strong, centralized government, Jay worked to ratify the United States Constitution in New York in 1788. He was a co-author of ''The Federalist Papers'' along with Alexander Hamilton and James Madison, and wrote five of the eighty-five essays. After the establishment of the new federal government, Jay was appointed by President George Washington the first Chief Justice of the United States, serving from 1789 to 1795. The Jay Court experienced a light workload, deciding just four cases over six years. In 1794, while serving as chief justice, Jay negotiated the highly controversial Jay Treaty with Britain. Jay received a handful of electoral votes in three of the first four presidential elections but never undertook a serious bid for the presidency.

Jay served as the governor of New York from 1795 to 1801. Although he successfully passed gradual emancipation legislation as governor of the state, he owned five slaves as late as 1800. In the waning days of President John Adams' administration, Jay was confirmed by the Senate for another term as chief justice, but he declined the position and retired to his farm in Westchester County, New York. Provided by Wikipedia
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by Jay, John, 1745-1829
[New-York : s.n., 1776

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2

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3
by Jay, John, 1745-1829
New York, London G. P. Putnam's sons 1890

Book
4
by Jay, John, 1745-1829
New Haven : Bibliographical Press, Yale University, 1934
2d printing, with corrections /

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Book
5
by Jay, John, 1745-1829
New York : G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1890

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Book
8
by Jay, John, 1745-1829
New York : Harper & Row 1975
First edition

Book
11
by Jay, John, 1745-1829
New York : Harper & Row, 1980
1st ed.

Book
12
by Jay, John, 1745-1829
[New-York : s.n., 1776

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Book
13
by Jay, John, 1745-1829
[Poughkeepsie, N.Y.] : Philadelphia: printed. Poughkeepsie: re-printed by John Holt, printer to the state of New-York, 1779
Other Authors: ...Jay, John, 1745-1829...

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Electronic Book
14
by Jay, John, 1745-1829
New-York : Printed by Samuel and John Loudon, printers to the state, 1788

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Electronic Book
15
by Jay, John, 1745-1829
New-York : Printed and sold by F. Childs and Co. No. 17, Duke-Street, 1785
Other Authors: ...Jay, John, 1745-1829...

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Electronic Book
16
by Jay, John, 1745-1829
New-York: Printed and sold by Francis Childs, 1786
[1st ed.]

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Book
17
by Jay, John, 1745-1829
[New York? : s.n., 1788

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Book
18
by Jay, John, 1745-1829
Philadelphia : Printed by David C. Claypoole, printer to the Honorable the Congress, 1779
Other Authors: ...Jay, John, 1745-1829...

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Electronic Book
19
by Jay, John, 1745-1829
New York : Putnam, 1890

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Book
20
by Jay, John, 1745-1829
New York : Harper & Row, 1975

Book