Christoph Willibald Gluck

Christoph Willibald (Ritter von) Gluck (; 2 July 1714 – 15 November 1787) was a composer of Italian and French opera in the early classical period. Born in the Upper Palatinate and raised in Bohemia, both part of the Holy Roman Empire, he gained prominence at the Habsburg court at Vienna. There he brought about the practical reform of opera's dramaturgical practices for which many intellectuals had been campaigning. With a series of radical new works in the 1760s, among them ''Orfeo ed Euridice'' and ''Alceste'', he broke the stranglehold that Metastasian ''opera seria'' had enjoyed for much of the century. Gluck introduced more drama by using orchestral recitative and cutting the usually long da capo aria. His later operas have half the length of a typical baroque opera. Future composers like Mozart, Schubert, Berlioz and Wagner revered Gluck very highly.

The strong influence of French opera encouraged Gluck to move to Paris in November 1773. Fusing the traditions of Italian opera and the French (with rich chorus) into a unique synthesis, Gluck wrote eight operas for the Parisian stage. ''Iphigénie en Tauride'' (1779) was a great success and is generally acknowledged to be his finest work. Though he was extremely popular and widely credited with bringing about a revolution in French opera, Gluck's mastery of the Parisian operatic scene was never absolute, and after the poor reception of his ''Echo et Narcisse'' (1779), he left Paris in disgust and returned to Vienna to live out the remainder of his life. Provided by Wikipedia
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by Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 1714-1787
New York : F. Rullman, 1952

Book
2
by Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 1714-1787
France : Windrose SAS, 2014

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3
by Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 1714-1787
Berlin, Berlin State : C Major Entertainment, 2012

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4
by Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 1714-1787
Kassel : Bärenreiter, 1970

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Musical Score Book
5
by Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 1714-1787
New York : G. Schirmer, 1947

Book
6
by Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 1714-1787
New York : F. Rullman, 1941

Book
7
by Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 1714-1787
Leipzig : C.F. Peters, 1880

Musical Score Book
8
by Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 1714-1787
Kassel : Bärenreiter, 2015
3e tirage corregé =
Other Authors: ...Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 1714-1787...

Musical Score Book
9
by Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 1714-1787
Berlin : C Major Entertainment, 1991

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Unknown
10
by Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 1714-1787
Leipzig : Garri Editions, 2018
First edition.

Musical Score Book
11
by Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 1714-1787
München : Musikproduktion Höflich, 2019

Musical Score Book
12
by Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 1714-1787
Kassel ; New York : Bärenreiter, 1962

Musical Score Book
13
by Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 1714-1787
New York : G. Schirmer, 1957

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Musical Score Book
14
by Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 1714-1787
New York, NY : Philips : Distributed by Universal Music and Video Distribution, 2002

Audio
15

Musical Score Book
16

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Musical Score Book
17
Other Authors: ...Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 1714-1787...

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Audio
18

Musical Score Book
19
by Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 1714-1787
Kassel ; New York : Bärenreiter, 2010
Other Authors: ...Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 1714-1787...

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Musical Score Book
20
by Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 1714-1787
Kassel ; New York : Bärenreiter, 1992

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Musical Score Book