John Hay

Hay in 1897 John Milton Hay (October 8, 1838July 1, 1905) was an American statesman and official whose career in government stretched over almost half a century. Beginning as a private secretary and an assistant for Abraham Lincoln, he eventually became United States Secretary of State under Presidents William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt. Hay was also a biographer, and wrote poetry and other literature throughout much of his life.

Born in Indiana to an anti-slavery family that moved to Warsaw, Illinois, Hay showed great potential from an early age, and his family sent him to Brown University. After graduation in 1858, Hay read law in his uncle's office in Springfield, Illinois, adjacent to that of Lincoln. Hay worked for Lincoln's successful presidential campaign and became one of his private secretaries in the White House. Throughout the American Civil War, Hay was close to Lincoln and stood by his deathbed after the President was shot at Ford's Theatre. In addition to his other literary works, Hay co-authored, with John George Nicolay, a multi-volume biography of Lincoln that helped shape the assassinated president's historical image.

After Lincoln's death, Hay spent several years at diplomatic posts in Europe, then worked for the ''New-York Tribune'' under Horace Greeley and Whitelaw Reid. Hay remained active in politics, and from 1879 to 1881 served as Assistant Secretary of State. Afterward, he returned to the private sector, remaining there until President McKinley, of whom he had been a major backer, made him the Ambassador to the United Kingdom in 1897. Hay became the Secretary of State the following year.

Hay served for nearly seven years as Secretary of State under President McKinley and, after McKinley's assassination, under Theodore Roosevelt. Hay was responsible for negotiating the Open Door Policy, which kept China open to trade with all countries on an equal basis, with international powers. By negotiating the Hay–Pauncefote Treaty with the United Kingdom, the (ultimately unratified) Hay–Herrán Treaty with Colombia, and finally the Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty with the newly independent Republic of Panama, Hay also cleared the way for the building of the Panama Canal. Provided by Wikipedia
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by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Boston : Houghton Mifflin, 1882

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62

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63
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Boston : J. R. Osgood and company, 1871

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Map
64
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Ridgewood, N.J. : Gregg Press, 1967

Manuscript Book
65
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Westport, Conn. : Negro Universities Press, 1972

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66
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
New York : AMS Press, 1970

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67
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
New York : The Critic Co., 1898

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Book
68

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Manuscript Book
69
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Bethesda, MD : Academica Press, 2006

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Book
70
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Carbondale : Southern Illinois University Press, 1997

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Book
71
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Boston, J.R. Osgood and Company, 1875

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72
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
New York : Harper & brothers, 1900

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73
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
New York, Priv. print., 1904

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Book
74
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Boston : Houghton, Mifflin, 1887
21st ed.

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75
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
New York : Harper & Bros., 1893

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76
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Boston : Houghton, Mifflin and Co., 1899

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77
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Carbondale : Southern Illinois University Press, 1997

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78
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
Boston, New York, Houghton Mifflin Company 1912

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Book
79
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
New York : The Century co., 1906

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80
by Hay, John, 1838-1905
New York : Gordian Press, 1969

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